The EV relay product family provides high voltage switching across different powertrain types – hybrid, plug-in hybrid, pure electric vehicle and fuel cell. Beside the main and precharge relays, pure electric vehicles are usually equipped with a DC charging interface. For this application and other functions, Panasonic offers EV relays in different shapes from a nominal 10A up to a maximum of 300A. Switching capacity of the EV relay family is up to 2500A, 300VDC.
Panasonic’s EV relays suit the stringent short circuit conditions and higher system voltages in these essential powertrain systems. Compact and robust, Panasonic EV Relays have a patented, hermetically sealed ceramic capsule construction that contains the contacts. These contact chambers are filled with hydrogen gas, which is a better conductor of heat than air or nitrogen and dissipates the enormous heat generated by the arc very efficiently, resulting in outstanding switching performance. An added benefit is that it also prevents the contacts from oxidising. The ceramic chamber separates the arc electrically and thermally from other components and provides enhanced safety when shutting off high DC voltages.
One of the most popular products in Panasonic’s EV relay product family is the AEV14012, a 120A relay which can be used up to a system voltage of 450VDC. Nominal switching capacity is 120A 400VDC and maximum carrying current 120A (continuous). Physical dimensions are 75mm x 40mm x 79mm and the unit weighs 400g. This specification suits most applications for hybrid and electric vehicles as it allows strong acceleration and good overall performance at an attractive price point, says the company.